How to Become an Electrician A Complete Guide

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In December 2019, Talk-business published an article with a piece of alarming news,

“A labour market report published in April 2019 found that the electrician skills gap in the UK is set to widen.”

It essentially means that the UK is currently facing a scarcity of qualified electricians. This scarcity is said to continue till past 2022. That’s why it’s an excellent opportunity for a satisfying career if you want to become an electrician. Because apart from their increasing demand, electricians are also the highest-paid trade workers in the UK. But just like many other people, you may be confused by the electrical qualifications. In this blog, we’ll discuss all that and more so that you understand everything you need to know about how to become an electrician.

So, let’s get started.

You can get into this role in either of these three ways.

So as you can see, apprenticeship is one of the ways you can become a qualified electrician. But in this blog, we’ll also discuss how to become an electrician without an apprenticeship.

However, before delving into the other routes, let’s explore the apprenticeship route since it has traditionally been the most popular pathway to becoming an electrician.

One of the ways to become an electrician is to practice as an apprentice electrician under a licensed electrician for an extended period. It will get you some professional work experience. This has traditionally been the most popular pathway to fully qualified electrician status. But you’ll also hear from a lot of people that it’s their second choice if other options are unavailable to them. There are some reasons behind it. I’ll discuss them in just a bit.

During your apprenticeship, you’ll work alongside studying for a Level 3 course and NVQ for apprentices. The advantage of apprenticeships is that you’ll get hands-on experience from an electrician mentor regarding the real-world application of the theoretical knowledge that you’ll gain. Your NVQ course will cover a wide range of topics. They can include but are not limited to-

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What are the C&G (City and Guilds) qualifications needed to become an electrician?

After completing the classroom and workshop levels, you will obtain part one of the City and Guilds qualification. At this point, you’re already a qualified electrician. You can then take an AM2 exam at a local centre after being assessed at your place of work.

You can expect the whole process to take around two to three years on average to complete.

Although you’ll be working and earning a wage alongside your work, there are certain things that you need to consider if you choose to go through the apprenticeship route.

Entry Requirements

City and Guilds

How to Become an Electrician Without an Apprenticeship in the UK

Not everyone can find an employer or apprenticeship place in order to get trained. Fortunately, there are pathways to becoming an electrician without an apprenticeship too.

What education do you need to become an electrician?

Education is not that much of a concern for general electrician work. But if you want to be a qualified electrician or a specialist electrician, you need to be-

One of the ways to become an electrician without an apprenticeship is-

College courses

College courses are particularly popular with adult learners who have the time and the finances to invest in themselves to gain skills and qualifications upfront. You can take the following courses which will earn you an electrician’s qualifications.

Professional Electrician

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What qualifications do you need to be an electrician?

It’s best to start with any electrician courses before professional courses, such as the Professional Electrician -13 Electrician Courses Bundle. After that, you can apply as a trainee electrician in the companies. These courses include-

So the progression that your education will follow is-

1.  General electrical skills

2.  Level 2 2365 Diploma

3.  Level 3 2365 Diploma

4.  Level 2357 NVQ (You’ll complete this while you’re working)

Typically, after completing the first 3 steps, you will be able to work as an electrician’s mate if you want to. The level 2 and the level 3 diplomas are often referred to as “Technical Certificates”. They will gain you access to the electrical industry. As you progress your qualification and your career further, you’ll become more and more attractive to employers. Needless to say that your earning figure will scale equally as well. The great thing about courses is that they are pretty flexible. You can learn whatever you need, whenever you need it, so long as you fulfil the minimum requirements to enrol on those courses.

If you want, you can complete your NVQ when the situation allows you to.

Entry requirements

Applying directly

Suppose you have the experience and the relevant qualifications from the electrical or its relevant industry, for example, building services or electrical engineering. In that case, you may be able to move directly into electrical installation work.

qualifications an electrician

Career Path & Progression

As you gain more experience and if you work on furthering your qualifications, you could move into-

an Auto Electrician

How to Become an Auto Electrician?

If you want to be an electrician, you can choose to specialise in a particular field for a myriad of reasons. For example, you can specialise in the automotive field, agriculture industry or buildings electrician. One of the most demanding and high paying electrician jobs is as an auto electrician. They are experts in working with the electronics and electrical systems in motor vehicles.

Today’s vehicles contain an incredibly complex net of electrical systems. If you strip down your vehicle to just the electrical wires, you’ll see how they run like veins on our body to almost every part of your vehicle. From your infotainment system to your gauge cluster, even the digital gear selectors have complex electronic systems in them. Not to mention, safety systems like Anti-lock Braking System or ABS in motor vehicles and Traction Control also rely solely on inputs from their electronic units as all the controls are monitored and run by the calculations done on their computer. After the introduction of the autonomous braking system and self-driving technology from Tesla to the mass market, electronics in motor vehicles have reached an epic level.

You can already see how electronics have become an integral part of motor vehicles.

Not any off the shelf type mechanic can service these parts. Nowadays, they are so complex in design that you need to train yourself to know what you’re dealing with and learn to service it.

Plus, you’ll also need some soft skills like communication, problem-solving and time management to meet today’s electrician’s standard. You can obtain a professional certification on either of these two to start your career as an auto electrician-

1.  A level 1 diploma in motor vehicle maintenance

2.  A certificate in motor vehicles maintenance

Just like any other electrician, you can choose to take an apprenticeship to become an auto electrician. You can also choose to get professional training from a mentor.

You’ll be working alongside mechanical technicians in auto repair shops, production facilities etc., installing and servicing electrical systems in motor vehicles.

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How Fast Can I Become an Electrician?

You can train as a general electrician through a trade school program in as little as nine months.

However, it usually takes between five and six years to become a journeyman electrician. The reason for this is that after completing a vocational program, your actual apprenticeship may last about four or five years.

Fast an Electrician

What Key Skills do I Need to Become an Electrician?

One other thing you need to consider when deciding to become an electrician is the skills you’ll need. Along with your technical skills, you’ll also need some soft skills if you want to work efficiently and effectively. Because although your technical skills will get you most of the way, it’s the soft skills that will come in handy when you’re working with “out of the ordinary” problems and complex tasks. Since electrical pieces of equipment are most often complex, you’re bound to run into issues now and then. That is why soft skills are an essential asset for an electrician too. So let’s go through some of these soft skills. Later down the list, we’ll also talk about technical skills that you need to have.

In the case of an automotive technician, a good understanding of maths, computers, and electronics is quite necessary.

Key Skills do Need

What do Electricians do Day-to-Day?

As an electrician, you will be responsible for ensuring the functionality and safety of electrical equipment. You’ll also have to ensure that the pieces of machinery that are under your supervision don’t pose any hazard to the personnel around them. Electrician job responsibilities in their workplace are not that different, assuming that they always work with all things electronics and electrical pieces of equipment. But suppose you serve as a specialist electrician like an auto electrician. In that case, your job role will vary wildly as each company or organisation will have different needs that you’ll have to satisfy.

However, the job role of an electrician can be condensed into some general bullet points.

Are there a Lot of Jobs for Electricians?

The UK is currently in the midst of a chronic shortage of skilled tradespeople. Professions such as electricians, plumbers and bricklayers are all in demand because of this shortage. There are thousands and thousands of new homes and commercial spaces being built every day. The same goes for industrial infrastructures. But this rapid growth isn’t being matched by the number of qualified workers plying their trade.

So, it isn’t that there aren’t a lot of jobs for electricians. It’s, in fact, the complete opposite. The jobs are looking for more and more electricians.

Jobs for Electricians

How Much Do Electricians Earn?

The short answer is £18,000 for a starter electrician to £42,000 for an experienced one. These numbers are pulled directly from official data. If you compare an electrician’s earnings with other trades, you’ll see why we say this.

On average, each trade earns-

The data above is based on 2019 to 2020 Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings. It is taken from the Office of National Standards (ONS).

Newly qualified electricians who work for an employer can earn between £19,000 and £22,000 a year. However, as you gain more experience, this number shoots up.

If you want a more specified number for a specified area, these numbers will fluctuate. For instance, London currently holds the highest salaries for electricians at £35,802 a year. At the moment, the recorded lowest salary figure in the UK is in the South West, where the average electrical salary is £28,534. Also, note that these figures aren’t based on an average. Instead, they are based on a median calculation, which means that a small number of high earners has not influenced the average. As a result, these figures show a realistic salary for most electricians.

But please, do note that the salary ranges reported in this article are only intended as a guideline as salary figures change all the time. Carry your own research before committing to an area to practice as an electrician.

How do electricians charge for their time?

Self-employed electricians will charge a day rate or a fixed rate depending on the job. You will be able to charge a day rate or fixed rate depending on the job itself and the region you are working in.

Listed below is a rough guide of what you could expect to charge.

As we mentioned before, as a result of the skills shortage, electricians are in high demand. Research shows that a small number of electricians can earn around six times the average UK wage and take home up to £156,000 a year as a result.

To qualify for the higher pay grades, you may need to fulfil the following criteria-

The UK government wants to see 1 million new homes built in the next two years. So demand will increase even further, making qualifying as an electrician a financially lucrative and safe career path.


Every profession has its own set of pros and cons. There will always be challenges and hardships. Whether you’re in a white-collar job or a blue-collar job, these challenges are faced mainly by young professionals. Only after you gain experience in your profession and become a master in what you do will the demand curve rise rapidly. The same is true for an electrician.

Your challenges and your benefits will go hand in hand. If you’re passionate, the fact that electricians are in demand and will be in demand far into the future, you can do wonders in this career. The numbers don’t lie. You can already see that in the income figures mentioned in this article. As for how to become an electrician, your options are very flexible. All you need to do is choose according to your aspiration.


What industries can electricians work in?

Most electricians work in the construction business, collaborating with builders to ensure that the project they’re working on is completely safe and operational. Electricians not only install but also repair and maintain electronics. You may also be responsible for installing electrical equipment and machinery in factories and other industrial settings as an electrician. Government, manufacturing, electrical contractors and other wire installation contractors are the top three industries that employ electricians.

Are there a lot of jobs for electricians?

According to a poll, electricians are the best-paid tradesmen, earning more on average than plumbers, carpenters, bricklayers, and plasterers. One of the reasons behind this is that there are a lot of jobs against which there aren’t many qualified electricians available.

What age do most electricians retire?

Painters and decorators are the most likely to work over the state pension age, with 30% believing they would not be able to retire until after the age of 66. Electricians (29%) and landscapers (25%) are close behind.

How much maths do electricians use?

Maths is an essential requirement for an electrician as they regularly deal will simple calculations like the ideal length of a wire to a bit of in-depth research like the resistance of that wire and how much it will impede the flow of current needed at a plug. Maths also helps in the way of working safely.

What do electricians do day-to-day?

We have detailed it in the blog. Please give it a read.

How much do electricians earn?

This has also been answered in detail in the blog. Give it a read.

What are the C&G qualifications needed to become an electrician? / How can I become a qualified electrician? / How to become an electrician in the UK?

The following are City and Guilds qualifications needed to become an electrician:

However, do give our blog a read as we answered this question in much more detail inside.

How quickly can I become an electrician?

An apprenticeship programme to become an electrician normally takes three years to complete, with four days working in a relevant profession and one day a week attending college. Many institutions also offer accelerated programmes for more experienced students, which can take up to two years to finish.

Is there a quick way to become an electrician?

The quickest way to become a trained electrician is to enrol in a one-month course to train as a domestic electrician on domestic installation courses. When you finish this course, you will be a qualified residential electrician, albeit you will not be completely trained.

What is the best way to become an electrician?

Online electrical training is the quickest and most convenient option to obtain your electrician credentials. With an online electrical training course, you may work on your NVQ Level 3 portfolio evidence whenever it is convenient for you.

Can I train to be an electrician at 40?

It’s not a question of age but rather competence. If you can make time for learning and practice, becoming an electrician at any age is very much possible.

Do electricians make good money?

As numerous trades have demonstrated in 2021’s average income figures, the income potential for people in skilled trade industries is excellent. Electricians have consistently shown to be one of the highest-paying occupations, whether employed by a corporation or self-employed.

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